Municipal Government of Magallanes, Cavite
The Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) is a systematic way of acquiring, processing, and verifying necessary data which will be utilized in program preparation and implementation to address the challenges in poverty. Republic Act No. 11315 mandated that the technology-based system be introduced and launched in every city and municipality, serving as an instrument for alleviating poverty and sustaining the community’s needs.
CBMS is also being used to address different challenges brought by the COVID-19 pandemic. Disaggregated socio-economic data generated from/through CBMS has proven valuable in identifying/targeting beneficiaries for disaster risk preparedness and response interventions. Despite the signing of the Community-Based Monitoring System Act last 17 April 2019, not all LGUs were able to establish their own CBMS, with some unable to complete their modules. Given their early adoption of CBMS in 2011, the Magallanes LGU has an advantage over other cities and municipalities in implementing modules that further improve data collection and management.
Background and Problem
With the need to have a standard, accurate, comprehensive, and consolidated system to efficiently provide services to its constituency, the fourth class municipality of Magallanes, Cavite, adopted CBMS in 2011, eight years prior to its being required by law beginning in 2019. CBMS is an organized, technology-based system of collecting, processing, and validating data that may be used for planning, program implementation, budgeting, vulnerability risk mapping, and impact monitoring.
While the Philippine Statistics Authority has reported a significant decrease in poverty incidence, the past five years have seen a downward trend in the poverty incidence rate, from 25.2 percent in 2012 to 23.3 percent in 2015 to 16.6 percent in 2018. But when the COVID-19 pandemic arose, it worsened the poverty condition in the Philippines beginning in 2020. Poverty, hunger, and out-of-school youth are some of the country’s common problems, with a significant number of Filipinos unable to sustain their everyday basic needs. Lack of necessary data makes it difficult for LGUs to assist the vulnerable and respond to this pandemic.
Managing the COVID-19 pandemic requires data to target eligible beneficiaries in times of disaster. A lack of data makes it difficult for a municipality to determine the causes of poverty, formulate appropriate policies and programs, and effectively and efficiently implement the programs of the government.
Solution and Impact
To address the challenges brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Magallanes LGU utilized the CBMS to target beneficiaries who urgently needed support and assistance. The planning group of the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Incident Management Team (DRRM-IMT) used CBMS data tools to identify the eligible target beneficiaries, thus reducing the processing time of consolidating all the required information. Pertinent and useful data on beneficiaries was easily generated since the CBMS Technical Working Group (TWG) is also part of the DRRM-IMT. The CBMS has made it easier and faster for the Magallanes LGU to develop programs and effectively allocate resources during the pandemic. The successful implementation of the CBMS has led to the following results:
- 2,984 Social Amelioration Program (SAP) beneficiaries
- 650 SAClolo SACakulangan (SAC) Program beneficiaries
- 2,199 senior citizens received medicines and vitamins
- 315 persons with disabilities received food packs
- 242 pregnant women and 300 lactating women received financial assistance worth PHP 1,000
- 44 tricycle drivers received financial aid worth PHP 4,000
- 6,079 households received relief goods and seedlings
- 365 distressed overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) received financial assistance from the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA) worth PHP 10,000
- 153 frontliners received hazard pay
- Identified 7 OFWs and 25 LSIs for isolation
The municipality of Magallanes commenced the first implementation of CBMS in November 2011. A five-member technical working group did the data processing and mapping in the Municipal Planning and Development Office. Data collection was paper-based, and encoding had to be done individually.
In 2013, Mayor Edwin V. Sisante and Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator Roilan R. Reyes were invited to present at the 9th CBMS National Conference the actual applications of CBMS for disaster risk reduction management and climate change adaptation in the municipality.
The second round of CBMS was implemented in 2016, using a tablet-based data collection scheme called the CBMS Scan and Portal, which is more cost-effective than paper-based data collection. It used QGIS for mapping purposes and Statsim Pro to generate tabulated data. This technology also uses GPS for the location of households, unlike in the first implementation of CBMS, where all households were digitized manually using Natural Resources Database (NRD) Pro. All data collected are kept, owned, and managed by one member of the technical staff in the municipality. All information about the respondent is confidential. The local government complies with the Data Privacy Law and ensures the security and protection of any data obtained, used, and stored. Data Validation at the barangay level was done to inform the locals of the survey result, verify the accuracy of the data, and identify the significant problems in the area.
In 2018, Mayor Jasmin Angelli Maligaya-Bautista was invited to present how the Magallanes LGU met the challenges posed by disaster preparedness at the 14th CBMS National Conference. The following year, a third round of CBMS was implemented that continued the use of tablet-based data collection.
In 2020, the Magallanes LGU won 2nd place in the Best in COVID-19 Pandemic Response at the Municipal Level category of the Digital Governance Awards. In September of the same year, the CBMS TWG accomplished the Barangay Validation for every barangays and prepared the Barangay Development Plan.
The CBMS has made some significant changes and developments since the local government of Magallanes first utilized it. LGU Magallanes was known as one of the best implementers in the whole Province of Cavite. Data has a significant role in planning so the Magallanes LGU formulated plans ahead of time because data is already available. CBMS data was used in different plans and programs of the municipality.
“Base po dun sa CBMS data, madali po namin na-locate yung mga taong ito. Madali naming nalaman kung saan sila pupuntahan. Wala pang isang oras inabot yung aming relief operation sa aming barangay.”Mar Reduca, Barangay Captain, Barangay Urdaneta, Magallanes
“Sa panahon ng COVID-19, napakahalaga po ng tulong ng CBMS dahil ito po ang ginamit ng LGU upang matukoy ang mga individual, sambahayan o anumang sektor para sa pagbibigay ng tulong base sa kanilang pangangalilangan sa komunidad at sa kanilang pamiya. Isa na nga po sa mga programa na ibinaba noong COVID-19, during quarantine period ang SAP or Social Amelioration Program. Ito ay programa ng DSWD-National na lagi po siyang may timeline. Lagi po kailangan mai-submit ng madalian. Sa tulong ng CBMS, kami agad ay nakabuo ng masterlist at naisubmit agad namin sa DSWD Regional Office. Isa din pong naitulong ng CBMS ay yung paghanap din ng mga beneficiary ng SAClolo, natukoy din po agad ang mga beneficiary nito kung saan sila mahanap sa pamamagitan ng CBMS. Ganun din po ang programa ng LGU sa buntis at nanay na may anak na 0-24 months old. Madali pong matukoy kung saan silang barangay, sino sila, mga pangalan nila, edad, dahil po sa CBMS. At isa pa rin pong programa ng LGU kung saan ay pinagbasehan ang CBMS ay yung ating mga senior citizen na kung saan nagbigay ng tulong ang LGU ng vitamins sa ating mga PWD.
Sa pamamagitan ng CBMS, ay madali po silang natukoy, per barangay kung ilan at saan sila. Isa par in po yung ating mga drivers, na binigyan din po ng financial assistance during community quarantine sa pamamagitan po ng TUPAD, natukoy din po agad sino yung mga drivers natin, ilan sila, kung saang barangay dahil din po sa CBMS.
Ang CBMS ay napakalaking tulong at napakahalaga po ng kanyang bahagi o papel para sa pagpapatupad ng mga programa ng LGU at hindi na nahihirapan na maghanap paisa-isa sa barangay dahil nasa kanila na lahat. Isang pindot lang, lalabas na lahat ang mga pangalan, edad, saang barangay, kaya madaling maibaba o maibigay ang mga tulong sa bawat sektor or indibidwal at sambahayan na nangagailangan ng tulong.”Ofelia Gio, Municipal Social Welfare and Development Officer, Magallanes
CMBS Network Team. (2019). Using CBMS data to inform localized COVID responses in the Philippines. Partnership for Economic Policy. https://www.pep-net.org/using-cbms-data-inform-localized-covid-responses-philippines
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JRILGG Secretariat. (2021, January 12). Empowerment through People and Data: Best Practices of LGU Magallanes in COVID-19 Response. Jesse Robredo Institute. https://jesserobredoinstitute.com/empowerment-through-people-and-data-best-practices-of-lgu-magallanes-in-covid-19-response/
Partnership for Economic Policy. (2014, September 3). CBMs Philippines. ABOUT CBMS-Philippines. Retrieved January 26, 2022, from https://www.pep-net.org/cbms-philippines
Philippine Statistics Authority. (n.d.). Community-Based Monitoring System Act. https://psa.gov.ph/content/community-based-monitoring-system-act
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2019, December 06). Proportion of Poor Filipinos in 2015 was 23.3 percent. https://psa.gov.ph/content/proportion-poor-filipinos-2015-was-233-percent
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2019, December 06). Proportion of Poor Filipinos was estimated at 16.6% percent in 2018. https://psa.gov.ph/content/proportion-poor-filipinos-was-estimated-166-percent-2018